Choose the correct forms of the verb

     

There are up lớn five forms for each verb: root, third-person singular, present participle, past, & past participle.

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Root form of the verb

The root khung of a verb is the base size of the word. Roots have not been conjugated and do not include prefixes or suffixes.


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The root size of the verb is the same as the infinitive khung with “to” removed. See the examples below:

to see – see

to be – be

to wear – wear

to go – go

The root size of a verb is used khổng lồ create other forms of the verb when conjugated. This is always true with regular verbs, but may not apply with irregular verbs, depending on the tense. The examples below illustrate this concept.


(Root: eat)

Third person singular size of a verb

The third person singular (he/she/they/it/one) conjugation is the verb khung that tends khổng lồ be different from other conjugations. For regular verbs, this verb form over in –s (or sometimes –es). Consider the examples below:

he sees

she watches

they play

it shrinks

one does

Present participle khung of a verb

The present participle verb size is created by adding –ing to lớn the root word. It’s used in the past, present, & future progressive verb tenses. Look at the examples below:


We’re coming lớn the các buổi party tonight.

(come – coming)


They have been drawing for hours.

(draw – drawing)


We will be washing the car before vacation.

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(wash – washing)

Past and past participle forms of the verb

The past and past participle verb form for regular verbs is the root word + –ed. It’s only used with the past tenses. Consider the examples below:


We shopped for hours on Saturday afternoon.

(shop – shopped)


The books were stacked on the shelf.

(stack – stacked)


He had played computer games for the whole weekend.

(play – played)

The past participle can be difficult to determine for some irregular verbs. It’s best lớn look these up in a dictionary if you’re at all unsure of the past participle. Here are a few examples of irregular verbs:

RootSimple PastPast Participle
SingSangSung
SeeSawSeen
FallFellFallen
GiveGaveGiven
GoWentGone


I had forgiven him for his unkind words.
Simon had lit candles all around the room.

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